M.A: Planning Educational Programes
And Alternative Evaluation Methods.

M.A: Civic And Political science

BA – Arrabic Language And History


University of Cordoba


Dr. Juan Manuel Muñoz González – Spain

Dr. Einat Leibal Hess – Israel


Hi School teracher and Social coordinator



Mozin Nassar

Digital literacy and its effects on the levels of creativity, innovation, modernity and academic orientation among Arab adolescents in Israel.

Digital technologies are present in all areas of our lives. We use them to study, communicate, work, and learn and for entertainment. Young people nowadays are at the forefront of using digital technologies and there are very few who do not use them. They are far more comfortable and confident in working with technology and technological tools than students of 20 years ago. However, there are adolescents, especially minorities who have difficulties with effictive functioning in the digital environment. In the Arab population of Israel, which is a minority, accept for the shortage of technological materials, this society is far more conservative than the Jewish population of Israel regarding technology use. Digital literacy is connected to creativity, innovativeness, modernity and academic orientation. However, there are no studies to date focusing on the Arab society in Israel. Therefore, the current research will focus on digital literacy in among Arab adolescents in Israel in terms of creativity, innovation, modernity and academic orientation.

Digital technology literacy: A term coined during the 1980s in order to describe the value of learning with computers. Nowadays, digital literacy refers to a set of basic skills required for working with digital media, operating software tools or performing basic information retrieval tasks (Soby, 2015). Having a digital literacy refers to one's ability to participate in social networks for creation and sharing of knowledge, as well as the ability to master a wide range of computer skills (UNESCO, 2011). Creativity: An ability to produce work that is novel (original) and adaptive with respect to task or situational constrains, we should considr four implications to creativity: person, process, and product. Innovation: The implementation or the intentional introduction and application of a novelty which aims to improve a particular situation (OECD 2005; West and Richards 1999).

Modernity: a topic, which refers both to a historical period and to social-cultural norms, practices and attitudes. The normative ideal of modernism deals with developments such as existentialism, modern art, social sciences, capitalism, secularization and post-industrial life (Berman, 2010). According to the modernization theory, industrialization and economic development facilitate a change from a traditional to a modern society. This process relates to changes in labor market participation and employment patterns, increasing levels of education, exposure to media and disengagement from the extended family and social institutions (Lavee & Haj Yahia-Abu Ahmad, 2010).

Academic orientation: A concept, which include aspects of school achievement and educational intentions. Academic orientation reflects educational tracks and choices of lifestyles. It includes preparing for university studies vs. choice not to study. Academic orientation has been considered as an early indicator of future social position, since it reflects students' social class of destination (Bergh, Hagquist & Starrin, 2011).